||Research in Germany
PhD Studies and Research in Germany
Germany offers PhD students and researchers excellent research opportunities. Universities, public and private non-university research institutes, and large research funding organisations support international researchers with jobs and fellowships. The R&D departments in German industry and small and medium-sized enterprises also offer promising career opportunities to young researchers. Many companies collaborate intensively with universities and research institutes on application-oriented research and development.
Info for PhD students
More academics earn their PhDs in Germany than in any other European country. Each year a growing number of international junior researchers come to Germany to write their dissertation or earn their doctoral degree in a research team. Depending on the discipline, research project and type of university, there are different ways to earn a PhD in Germany.
The ways to earn your PhD in Germany | Finding a PhD position
There is more than one way to
get your doctorate in Germany.
The majority of doctoral
candidates pursue a PhD through
individual doctoral study, yet
structured PhD programmes are
becoming increasingly common.
Are you looking for a doctoral position? You’ll find a wide selection of openings for international junior researchers in the DAAD databases.
DAAD-Datenbank "International Programmes in Germany"
Funding opportunities |
What are the expenditures?
No tuition fees are charged for doctoral study at public universities in Germany. However, when you apply for a study visa in Germany, the authorities will ask to see whether you have sufficient funds to cover the cost of living – approximately 8,000 euros a year.
Info for postdocs and junior researchers
Germany offers PhD students and researchers excellent research opportunities.
Universities, public and private non-university research institutes and large research funding organisations support international researchers with postdoctoral jobs and fellowships. The R&D departments in German industry and small and medium-sized enterprises also offer promising career opportunities to young researchers.
Many companies collaborate intensively with universities and research institutes on applica-tion-oriented research and development.
Info for senior researchers
Roughly 530,000 people are employed in the research and development sector. More than 300,000 scholars and researchers work as professors, lecturers, assistants, academic staff and teachers in German higher education. Some 200,000 of them have full-time positions. Senior researchers can find excellent working conditions in the fields of science, teaching and research.
The research activities are international in scope and are conducted by teams whose members come from all over the world. As a result, the research language is usually
Science and research in Germany are characterised by a well-developed infrastructure, a wide variety of disciplines, cutting-edge research facilities and competent staff. Researchers work at various locations throughout Germany – at universities, universities of applied sciences, non-university institutes, companies, and federal- and state-funded institutions. There are some 800 publicly funded research institutes in Germany not including the R&D centres operated by industrial corporations.
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres:
Max Planck Society:
Academies of science and humanities:
Companies and industrial research:
German Federation of Industrial Research Associations (AiF):
Networks and clusters:
Many research and funding organisations offer excellent funding opportunities and ideal conditions for foreign scientists in all fields. Most research funding in Germany is provided by governmental bodies, organisations, large non-university research institutions and industry.
Funding programmes and funding databases
DAAD funding database:
Selected funding programmes:
List of funding databases:
Funding organisations in Germany
German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD):
German Research Foundation (DFG):
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation: